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Our main duty is to be guardians of our health, during any stage of our life.

In this way we help each other to have an optimal quality of life in all

cycles. Health is the state of physical, metal and social well-being. We say

that someone is healthy, when their organs and body systems can carry

out normally all the activities necessary for the proper functioning of the


health care

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a complete state

of physical, mental and social well-being; not only the absence of diseases

or illnesses. For this reason, we emphasize that, beyond pathologies,

health encompasses various factors that intervene in the quality of life of

each one. A healthy person is one who enjoys a full and happy life at all


So, should we take care of our health? Of course we do. We all want to feel

good and that leads us to be happy. That is why we must keep in mind a

series of habits that will help improve our health.

Care to consider

We all need a good diet, rich in nutrients and vitamins. We need

quantities and dierent types of food. We require more food when we

are in the growth phase, when we are working, doing high intensity

exercises and when we are sick. Eating large amounts can also harm

your health. Excess food causes our body to store unnecessary fats,

contributing to cardiovascular disorders and diabetes.

Playing sports or exercising helps us improve our physical form. It

strengthens the body's defenses, providing us with vitality and makes us

happy. When we exercise we release endorphins, giving us a feeling of

well-being. With just 30 minutes a day of some physical activity we can

obtain great benefits.

Our body needs to rest and replenish energy, therefore, we must

sleep well. Sleep is the decisive factor in being able to undertake daily

activities with energy and concentration.

Bad vices play a bad role in our body. We must eliminate tobacco,

alcohol and drugs; These are substances that are harmful to our body,

increasing the chances of contracting diseases.

The positive attitude towards life is a fundamental requirement to

establish healthy personal relationships, it helps us to handle stressful

situations; improving our mental health.

What happens when we don't take care of ourselves?

When we are sick our quality of life is diminished, our capacities are

diminished, altering the daily life of us and our close relatives. By not

following the recommendations to lead a healthy lifestyle, we can increase

the risk of suering from diseases (cardiovascular, infectious diseases or

psychiatric diseases such as depression or anxiety).

When we are not in good health, we cannot work, we do not feel well and

we cannot provide ourselves or our family with an income to live as usual.

Should civic majority correspond to sexual majority?


"Well-meaning" political circles would like to lower the age of federal civic majority from 18 to 16, but without granting the right to stand for election or lowering the age of civil majority. There's nothing new under the sun


Should civic majority correspond to sexual majority?

It was in 1991 that the age of federal civic majority was lowered from 20 to 18 years, while the civil majority remained fixed at 20 years until 1996. Logic was already taking a hit at that time. A certain number of citizens therefore seem to consider that civil rights are a toy whose use should not be reserved for adults alone. I clearly remember the referendum campaign against the lowering of the federal civic majority to 18 years. When the opponents - of which I was a part - deplored and refused the dissociation between the civic majority and the civilian majority, the defenders of the 18 years for the civic majority replied that it was more complicated to lower the civilian majority than the civic majority right for which they were only concerned with the civic majority. This is perfectly correct, technically,


Some cantons do, however


It should be noted that the cantons sometimes have a civic majority that is different from the civilian majority (Tel Glaris: 16 years old for a few years already). This political error is due to the fact that the cantons do not have the competence to modify the civil majority which depends only on federal law. They are certainly wrong to spoil the value of the right to vote at the cantonal level by dissociating this right from the civil majority, but we cannot cite them as an example since they do not have the competence to modify the civil majority.


 Devalue democracy


It seems that minors must be given the right to vote so that they feel consulted and because civic rights cannot be “reserved” for certain people.


A true connoisseur of the functioning of semi-direct (or direct) democracy would know that the right to vote is not used to consult the citizens but to make them participate in a decision which will bind the authorities. When citizens want to express themselves without committing themselves, they have a right of petition which precisely does not take into account either the age or the nationality of the signatories, but allows everyone to address a request, a wish to the authority, therefore to make known his opinion. The federal constitution stipulates (art. 33 para. 2) that the authority must take cognizance of it.


Of course, a vote has no direct individual effect. But we cannot give credence to the idea that it only serves to consult the citizens to know their opinion, without binding the authorities. To dissociate the civic majority from the civil majority is to reduce each vote to an act devoid of any responsibility. Knowing that democracy is the political regime that requires the most sense of responsibility from citizens, we measure the ignorance and political immaturity of defenders of the civic majority for minors without civil responsibility. It is worrying, although it is not new.


 Create second-class citizens


As for dissociating the right to vote from the right to be elected, as proposed by the defenders of the lowering of the civic majority to 16 years - because a minor who does not yet have the right to direct his life cannot be elected to lead a population! - is to create a subclass of citizens: half-citizens would only have the right to vote, “real” citizens would have the right to vote and to be elected. Under the pretext of extending the right to vote to a greater number of people, we are tinkering with an unacceptable inequality. Democracy is a very demanding political regime; it is not a minor flatter.


It is easier to lower the civic or sexual majority than the civil majority


When we lower the age of civic majority, we increase the number of future ballots and the number of voters to win for political parties. When we lower the age of sexual majority, we increase the number of people with whom adults can have sex without risking punishment. Those who plead for these kinds of abatements do not incur any responsibility whatsoever; they just have fun.


When we lower the age of civil majority, we significantly change the parent-child relationship; we reduce the duration of parental responsibility. According to current law, parents are only automatically required to contribute financially to the education of their child until the child reaches the age of majority. Afterwards, they are still legally obliged to do so under certain conditions, but it is no longer automatic and if the parents do not do it spontaneously, the child must demand it in a lawsuit. It is very heavy psychically for the child. There is clearly deterioration in the financial situation of many young people during the gymnasium years, for example, since the age of civil majority was lowered from 20 to 18 years.


In short, when adults demand a lowering of the age of political majority by dissociating it from the civilian majority, they are happy to distort civil rights and flatter young people.

Ongs: well-ordered charity begins with oneself?

Annual salary of Kenneth Ross, Director of the NGO Human Rights Watch: 610,000 dollars.


Severance pay for Irène Khan, Secretary General of Amnesty International when she was dismissed in 2008 by the Board of the organization after 9 years of service and one year from the end of her mandate: 850,000 francs.


Annual salary of the Director of ASPCA, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: $ 852,000.


Annual salary of the Director of the American YMCA: $ 786,000.


Annual salary of the Director of the Audubon Society devoted to the protection of birds: $ 695,000.






If these levels of remuneration can at first glance make you dizzy, they are only the reflection of societal evolution. Faced with a lack of the state in the social field, individuals of good will united to undertake charitable actions in favor of the most deprived. Originally, these associations were essentially the prerogative of Anglo-Saxon countries with little interventionist governments. Thus, in the 18th and 19th centuries, NGOs played an important role in the fight against slavery and the development of trade union action.


In 1945, as part of the creation of the United Nations, the need was felt to create a legal framework that would identify what was to be defined as Non-Governmental Organizations with non-profit goals dedicated primarily to social action. This approach made it possible to differentiate NGOs, either from UN bodies or from organizations emanating directly from governments.




Fifty years later, NGOs have become an essential component of the contemporary world. It is estimated today that the number of NGOs around the world, all causes combined, is around 10 million. In India there are some 3.3 million. In the United Kingdom, where they are qualified as “charities”, they employ some 750,000 full-time staff and 2.2 million volunteers. In Europe, their number is estimated at 4000. But it is the United States, where there are 1.5 million, which sets the tone with an annual disbursement of some 30 billion dollars.




In the galaxy of American NGOs we can distinguish four substrates. First, there is what can be described as a screen NGO. The best known is the National Endowment for Democracy or National Fund for Democracy. Created in 1983 by the US Congress in the form of an NGO, its task was to take over from the CIA in funding worldwide opinion movements favorable to Washington's interests. With an annual budget of $ 185 million allocated by the US Congress and a multitude of donations averaging around $ 50,000, the NED funds groups or organizations that aim to promote "democracy" around the world, whether among the Uighurs, Tibet, Hong Kong etc. with a strong focus on Ukraine. On the other hand,


Then there is the great mass of NGOs with multiple vocations that range from the protection of monkeys to research on cancer, help them children, the promotion of national monuments, veterans associations, the dissemination of the Bible, the rescue of lost cats, diabetes research, and more.




Finally, there are the humanitarian NGOs which operate in the field and provide tangible aid.

The proliferation of humanitarian crises, their magnitude and the awareness among developed countries of their responsibilities have wiped out charity lovers. The result is that large humanitarian NGOs have become the equivalent of multinationals.






And when budgets reach billion dollars there is no alternative to management professionals with corresponding compensation. So if the director of the American Red Cross received an annual salary of 709,000 dollars, he manages a budget of 3,665 billion dollars and supervises 19,345 employees… which is not to say that the subject / remuneration relationship is always constant…. example the "American Joint Distribution Committee" which has 991 collaborators and a budget of 284 million dollars is supervised by a board of directors of ... 172 members and grants to its director a remuneration of 920 000 dollars per year. As for the “Secours Catholique” to take another example, which has 1116 employees,


If the list is long, the characteristic of these NGOs is that they work with concrete action and the help they provide, whether with funds allocated by governments or by private donors, is real. This is not the case with NGOs, which advertise themselves as having the mission of “promoting” human rights.



Promoting human rights is essential in the task of identifying violations on the one hand and denouncing them publicly on the other. This gesture presupposes that the act of denunciation has wide repercussions. In other words, without the sounding board represented by the media, denouncing a violation has virtually no impact. But even if this condition is met, it does not in any way guarantee that the one who has committed such a violation will cease to persevere in the path he has chosen.


In reality, the more serious the violation and the more it is the result of state policy, the less likely it is to see the person who commits it giving in to media pressure.



In fact, the effectiveness of "promoters" is inversely proportional to the seriousness of the cases denounced. Starting from the principle that no system is perfect, no democracy is immune to a slippage. However, when this is highlighted - for example an asylum seeker in Switzerland or France who is unfairly refused refugee status - it is obvious that a reaction from the media, not to say from the political class, has a good chance of a positive result. On the other hand, all the denunciations in the world will not change the policies of countries like Iran or North Korea one iota. Finally, there are the gray areas. The former East Germany had to build a wall to avoid depopulation while China - both countries being ruled by parties that do not tolerate political dissent - allows its citizens to travel freely abroad. The gray area also includes a cultural dimension; where some Westerners see an interference in private life such as the proliferation of facial recognition cameras or the obligation to carry an identity card, others like the average Chinese see it as an instrument that ensures better security .



Another question remains; Can the “promoters” be wrong? At present, the media do not have the time or the means to verify the accuracy of the statements disseminated by organizations such as Amnesty International (AI) or Human Rights Watch (HRW) and which they reproduce.


However, for the “promoters”, operating in a climate of competition where the donors are always the same and where the need to display themselves as an asset is imperative, the temptation is strong to go all out to occupy the media space. This temptation is exacerbated by the fact that there is no impartial and independent monitoring body to verify the quality of the work of these NGOs and it is more by chance that we discover failures.

Thus towards the end of the Vietnamese Boat People crisis, 96,000 of them who were not qualified to receive refugee status were being repatriated under an amnesty program with assistance from UNHCR. This was an opportunity for HRW to denounce the repatriation program and demand that it be suspended. The UNHCR ignored it and repatriation continued as planned, ending one of the biggest humanitarian crises of the Cold War. Not to be outdone when a group of Vietnamese who did not want to be repatriated burned their barracks AI denounced the UNHCR for having poorly housed the Vietnamese, without obviously saying that it was they who had set their homes on fire.



It is up to the Boards of Directors of NGOs to set the remuneration of their staff and whether the accounts should be audited, as long as donors are satisfied the system proceeds normally. Thus, and regardless of the remuneration / performance ratio within the organization, the last word belongs to the donors. It was there that the system seized up when AI granted its dismissed Secretary General a severance allowance of 850,000 francs. The sum was supposed to be confidential until the day when the Daily Mail revealed it, causing an outcry in England among thousands of small donors to the organization, outraged by the use that was made of their contribution.




This parenthesis, apart from NGOs, are now part of our world. With budgets ranging from a few hundred thousand francs to several billion, salaries ranging from volunteering to those of multinationals, independent or partially or totally funded by governments, espousing causes as diverse as the creation of asylums for primates, the protection of consumers, the defense of human rights, economic development, the restoration of historical monuments under the promotion of a particular religion, they cover practically the entire spectrum of human activities with all that this can entail. … Or slippage.



Do you want to lose weight and you wonder what is the best sport to lose weight? Good news, you absolutely do not need to practice intensive sport to find a pretty figure!

what is the best sport to lose weight 2021?
what is the best sport to lose weight 2021?

Do you think you have to run every day or spend all your lunch breaks at the gym? What if it was enough to just walk to lose weight   ? Because yes, it is no longer to prove, walking is an excellent activity to burn a lot of calories. So how long does it take to walk daily to get results? And how do we go about it concretely?

Which sport for losing weight?

As surprising as it may sound, walking is a sport activity that eliminates much more body fat than other activities such as running for example. Indeed, health professionals estimate that we burn 45% of body fat when walking against 35% when running at a low pace and 25% when running fast.

Why? quite simply because when our body is subjected to a low intensity effort for at least 30 minutes. It will draw the energy it needs from fat reserves. So, to lose weight, bet everything on brisk walking.

The benefits of walking

In addition to eliminating body fat, walking is great for the heart and the breath. As you walk, you gradually get your body used to the effort, gently.

In addition, all parts of your body are working, and many muscles are used. The walking is great for losing weight but also tone the entire body.

How to practice walking to lose weight?

To obtain visible effects on your weight, it is advisable to walk at least 30 minutes a day at a good pace. If you have more time, aim for the ideal: 1 hour of daily walking. Of course, the faster you walk the more calories you eliminate.

However, it is important not to cut corners! What matters above all is consistency. So start with a 30-minute session, alternating the rhythms (slow, medium and fast).

How to increase your walking practice easily?

Walking every day is quite possible, provided we change our habits a little. For short trips, for example, forget the car   ! Yes it will take you a little longer, but by organizing yourself, it is quite possible.

If you are used to going to work by public transport, try to get off 2 or 3 stops before, so you will add 15 minutes of walking to your daily practice.

Finally, always prefer the stairs to the elevators: an excellent sports exercise to lose weight!

Walking yes, but how?

In order for walking to be truly beneficial, it is important to adopt the correct posture   : stand up straight, look straight ahead, and squeeze gluts and abs. Your arms should be bent, at 90 degrees, along the body. They accompany your movements during the walk.

Regarding the stride, the heel should touch the ground first. Then your toes will give you the necessary push. Be careful not to take too long strides, they should remain almost natural. Indeed, if you want to increase the pace, do not lengthen your strides but take faster steps.

Finally, learn to master deep abdominal breathing, it will come in handy when you walk quickly.

Redesigning your silhouette thanks to recreational sports

To further refine your figure while having fun, consider recreational sports   : table tennis, jump rope, hula hoop. These sports straight out of our childhood are making a comeback to bring a little lightness in our sports practices.

The skipping rope, for example, is an excellent exercise for losing weight because you will burn calories in record time. Plus, just like when you walk, all of your muscles will be working simultaneously! 

Faced with the virus, exhausted caregivers

A year after the start of the health crisis, shortness of breath is felt among the medical staff, pushed to its limits. In addition to fatigue, there is the constant confrontation with death, the fear of infecting loved ones or even health restrictions which weigh on morale. Testimonials.
From Geneva to Neuchâtel, these four caregivers testify to their exhaustion. - © Eddy Mottaz / Le Temps - François Wavre | Monday13
From Geneva to Neuchâtel, these four caregivers testify to their exhaustion. - © Eddy Mottaz / Le Temps - François Wavre | Monday13

For almost a year, they have been at the front line day and night. The applause has long been silent, but caregivers are relentlessly battling the spread of the virus. As the third wave looms, weariness kicks in. Cascading overtime, days of abolished leave, lack of recognition, psychological suffering, stress: caregivers, nurses or even doctors sound the alarm. In addition to fatigue, there is the constant confrontation with death, the fear of infecting loved ones or even health restrictions which weigh on morale.

For months, the Swiss Association of Nurses has been alerting the Federal Council and the cantons, asking for reinforcements and a salary increase expected for years. As a reward, the carers of the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG) received filled baskets and had part of their overtime paid. In Friborg, the canton offered a bonus to staff hired during the crisis. These gestures count, but not sure that they are enough to ease tensions.

In hospitals, the deterioration of working conditions remains a taboo subject. As proof: finding caregivers who agree to describe their daily life with their face uncovered has become very complicated. "For fear of possible reprisals," deplores the Geneva section of the Public Services Union. The people who agree to testify today have been referred to us by the management of their respective hospitals. The reality they describe shows the incredible effort made by medical staff, at the heart of the crisis, closest to humans, life and death, while some rail against health restrictions or still deny the existence of a pandemic.

"We are used to death, but not in such proportions"

Jean-Luc Reny, 56 years old, chief physician of the General Internal Medicine Service at HUG, Geneva. This fall, the capacity of its service tripled in the space of a few weeks to accommodate Covid-19 patients in intermediate and acute care.

“First there was the first wave, then a dead calm, the illusion that it was all over. When the second wave arrived, stronger than the first, no one believed it. Today, we still have not found the sea of ​​oil, the situation has stabilized at a relatively high level, we are sailing in swell weather. Crisis or no crisis, caregivers give themselves relentlessly, it's in their DNA. After almost a year of pandemic, the teams are severely tested. Many caregivers have contracted the disease and accumulated great fatigue, making the workforce difficult to maintain. The system, and those who support it, is reaching its limits.

People don't always realize what is going on in hospitals. There is a lot of talk about intensive care, but this is not where the majority of covid patients die or are saved. This fall, when all elective activity [planned, elective operations] was halted, the surgical units transformed into covid units. With a capacity of 150 beds in normal times, the internal medicine department increased to 500 beds at the peak of the second wave for a total of 735 covid and post-covid patients. Such a reorganization creates chain reactions: when a department is tripled, physicians spend their time planning physicians and training others, which should not be their only role. At the same time, patients should continue to be managed while waiting for cancer surgery or rapid transplantation. Less urgent interventions must wait.

Permanent monitoring 

As a caregiver, you are used to death, but not in such proportions. It is not common to have to explain to relatives that they will have to say goodbye to the loved one by means of a screen, as was the case during the first wave, or to see patients who are sometimes young, still conscious, leave. which caused complications. Primarily, human contact is often very strong and complex with patients with covid. We read a lot of concern in their looks, in their gestures, we know that the condition of some of them will worsen. At each stage of care, but it's all the time in fact, we maintain surveillance, we constantly adjust the oxygen needs. All this makes the pandemic very heavy to bear.

For a year and over the course of successive waves, caregivers have learned to live in a bubble between their home and the hospital. When we work 70 to 80 hours a week for some, the needs are different, we go home and we sleep. We only meet in very limited numbers, in strict compliance with sanitary measures. It is heavy to live like this, in a sanitized way, but there is a real feeling of responsibility vis-à-vis the pandemic. My children understand this, they no longer touch any button with their fingers, accept to wear a mask almost naturally. Personally, I have given up trying to convince coronasceptics, who risk discovering the violence of the disease at their expense. While covid is like the flu for some patients, for others it can mean death. Between the two, there is a whole scale of graduation. It is the unpredictability of the disease that is hard to deal with.

"Accept the reality of the other"

Under these conditions, I feel a general relief around me following the decisions of the Federal Council. It is better to be in the anticipation rather than the reaction, especially when you know that it takes about two weeks to see the effects of the measures. Unfortunately, the authorities were not always proactive during this crisis. Geneva was at times one of the worst affected regions in the world and yet, in the second wave, the reaction was slow. If the measures had been taken earlier, the surge in cases would certainly have been less severe. It should be remembered that the health restrictions aim above all to avoid hospital overload and, therefore, excess mortality. It doesn't mean that other people's problems don't exist. We have to get out of this corporatist vision of opposing one area to another. The crisis we are going through is a social challenge, it affects us all. The self-employed suffer, the caregivers work like crazy. Each must accept the reality of the other. "

"At the peak of the second wave, it was the factory"

Dany Poilevey, 35, continuing care nurse at La Chaux-de-Fonds Hospital. The young woman, domiciled in France, works in a transitional unit which receives patients requiring close monitoring. From four beds normally, his unit increased to a capacity of ten beds during the first and second waves.

“When the pandemic broke out, I rushed headlong, going through the nights without really being aware of the extent of the pandemic and its consequences. I only left my family cocoon to go to work, I was focused on my duty: taking care of my patients, saving their lives if possible. Fatigue quickly built up. It was not until the beginning of summer, in a moment of calm, that I realized the seriousness of the events. Despite my thirteen years of experience, I had to admit that this crisis affected me more than I thought.

From mid-October, cases rose again. I was not expecting such a strong second wave, we went back to emergency mode as in the spring, except that this time, the ten beds were full, occupied almost entirely by intubated patients. At the same time, the restaurants were open, the stores crowded, it was incomprehensible to us caregivers. At the peak of the second wave, it was the factory. We welcomed patients in the assembly line, we stabilized them, we transferred them, there was no downtime, no respite. I went from an 80% to a 110%. In these moments, we are in automatic pilot mode, we try to do our best, to anticipate as much as possible, the gestures are mechanical. When we get home, we sleep as much as we can and then we go back.

"We may be a nurse, but above all we remain human"

Working with patients with covid is a delicate task. Most are unconscious at the start of treatment. Some are confused, anxious when they wake up, it is always difficult when we cannot identify their requests, we feel helpless. I remember an elderly lady who had a great upsurge of anxiety upon waking up, I spent the whole morning at her bedside to reassure her, to help her find her bearings. When she was finally able to be extubated, I felt relieved for her, valued to see her evolve positively. Another patient touched me a lot, with his personal story which resembled mine. I met his family, it awakened things in me. Even though we are a nurse, we remain above all human.

Over the weeks, very complicated care has multiplied, as have deaths. I sometimes had the feeling that I had not done enough, that I was not up to the task. The fear of running out of beds was omnipresent, patient selection was mentioned but luckily never had to be applied. We have always succeeded in transferring patients to German-speaking hospitals.

Need of recognition 

Today, we remain at a fairly high level of alert, we feel that the cases are on the rise. There is a form of weariness among caregivers, there is no longer the motivation, the energy of the beginnings. We wonder if we will see the end of the tunnel one day. The population's fed up, I can hear it, it also weighs on me not to have social relations, everyone aspires to find the life before. But it is also in these moments that we realize the value of certain professions. After all this commitment, the claims of caregivers are legitimate. For my part, I got days of recovery. The continuing care certification that I have should also receive additional recognition. I feel privileged. ”

"A great spirit of solidarity emerges from the crisis"

Marie-Laure Carballo-Ehrler, 42, nurse responsible for a team dedicated to covid intermediate care at HUG. The team was hired especially for the needs of the pandemic, reaching 250 employees at the peak of the crisis.

“After the second wave, which was very intense, the hospital is in a transition phase. The climate is calm for the moment, but we do not know what awaits us, we fear that the third wave will be even stronger, that the energy is lacking. There is of course physical fatigue, after months of working at an intense pace in very difficult conditions - 12 hours a day with a mask, protective glasses, gowns -, but also psychological fatigue. For caregivers, the constant confrontation with death is added to the fear of infecting loved ones, the lack of social life and the health restrictions that weigh on morale.

"Without kindness, we get nothing"

Beyond fatigue, a great spirit of solidarity emerges from the crisis. The unit was created especially for the needs of the covid last March. Every day, new people arrived, we had to set up an organization from scratch, establish procedures, create team cohesion. We all worked together against this virus. For months, we had to call back employees to ask them to come and work on their days off or to extend their hours. Despite the conditions, I always managed to find volunteers. It does not mean that there is no suffering. Some colleagues crack, it goes past my office, I try to comfort them as best I can. We are a tight knit group of individuals, not just names on a schedule. Without kindness, we get nothing. Today we have trained our teams, we are better armed against this virus, I hope that this experience will help us to compensate for the fatigue accumulated to face the third wave. As for vaccination, we don't talk much about it, we know that it will not change our daily lives anytime soon.

It's always hard to watch a patient die, especially when there is no cure for the disease. This causes a feeling of helplessness. In such moments, the objective is to offer the patient a dignified accompaniment towards death and to best meet the expectations of the family. From this point of view, the visits authorized today for patients at the end of their life represent a human saving change compared to last spring.

Today, the applause has died down but we are receiving a lot of testimonials from those around the patients. It balances the heart. At HUG, we got three days off after the second wave, part of the paid overtime, as well as a packed basket. Small gestures that count. Of all this crisis, a moment will remain in my memory. When our first patient transferred from intensive care with a tracheostomy was able to leave our unit, without respiratory support, surrounded by a guard of honor of caregivers. He was 35 years old. ”

"I feel like I'm in an endless tunnel"

Raphael Braghini, 45, internal medicine nurse's aide at the CHUV, in Lausanne. The pandemic has considerably complicated her daily tasks and put her training as a community health and care assistant (ASSC) on hold.

“On the floor where I work, the patients are in isolation and, most of the time, still contagious. The imposed disinfection protocol is very strict. You have to protect yourself from head to toe, put on a mask, glasses, gowns, gowns, then take them off every time you leave the room. All of this takes a tremendous amount of time. The morning round, during which I visit seven patients, is easily an hour longer than before. In ten years of work, I had never experienced such a situation.

With the pandemic, my work has become more complex. Patients with covid are unstable, significantly older, and require close respiratory monitoring, which creates more responsibility. There are also young people whose condition can deteriorate just as quickly. In fact, patients' blood pressure, saturation, respiratory rate and temperature should be checked three times a day, including at night. If the data is bad, we call for backup. As a caregiver, we work as close as possible to patients, we listen to their needs, their confidences, their fears. It is sometimes heavy psychologically. Personally, I have never been afraid of the virus, rather it is my family who are worried about whether I am protecting myself enough. Fortunately,

Low morale

In my team, the after-effects of the first wave remain significant. Three quarters of the colleagues are exhausted, there are many sick leaves, a lack of permanent staff, which leads to frequent changes in schedules. Being already 100% employed, I have accumulated overtime. Usually, I am seldom absent, but there are mornings this fall when I have wondered if I can make it through the day. During the first wave, all my entourage was confined, I was one of the few to work. Added to this the anxiety-provoking climate, lower morale is inevitable.

For patients, the absence of visits is very difficult to bear. Many suffer from isolation; the elderly, in particular, have lost their bearings and all social contact. We feel their distress very strongly, I have seen some patients give up, let themselves go in a slip syndrome. We have tried to maintain the link with their loved ones through videoconferencing, but for some of them, we, caregivers, are the only people to whom they speak for the day. They show us their gratitude by offering us small gifts, it touches us.

Delayed training 

Last year, I started crash training, in fifteen months, to become a health and community care assistant. I wanted to diversify myself, to have more responsibilities. With the pandemic, I continued to take the courses by videoconference, which was not always easy. This fall, I unfortunately had to miss three weeks of face-to-face classes to go to work. I fell behind on the theoretical level, but not on the practical level given the situations I dealt with.

At the end of these two successive waves, it's difficult to project yourself, to know where you are going. This lack of perspective weighs on me, I feel like I'm in an endless tunnel, I wonder if I will be able to hold out like this for a long time. Fortunately, the CHUV managed the crisis rather well, it anticipated the second wave by freeing up space to welcome new patients, made transfers between services, moved caregivers at risk and obtained the support of the army. At the beginning, we had trouble taking our breaks given the pace of work, the executives told us to be gentle. Every day, the management gives us an inventory of the health situation. To the conspirators convinced that the pandemic is only a global conspiracy, I advise to come and see what is happening in my department or in intensive care.

Will asylum requests increase in connection with COVID-19?

Asylum applications lodged in Switzerland fell by around a third between 2019 and 2020.

Arrivals have been and are still hampered by the multiple travel restrictions linked to the pandemic. If we consider a restart of mobility in 2021, we can expect a catch-up effect for people who had been stranded in transit zones.
Will asylum requests increase in connection with COVID-19?

Should we expect an even stronger increase linked to the consequences of the pandemic? This article develops the question of the  MATINALE RTS of 19.01.

The ongoing deterioration of living conditions in many countries around the world argues for this scenario with a combination of economic decline and political turmoil that can exacerbate situations of violence. For many years now, in the field of asylum, we have witnessed a survival migration which does not concern people individually politically involved or threatened by targeted violence but whose living conditions and security are in danger. by a combination of factors  .

If we stick to this analysis, we can foresee a very substantial increase in asylum requests in Switzerland. However, it must be remembered that the existence of reasons for flight is only a first condition for displacement. There are three more.

The first is that people are able to leave: that they have the means. This is why it is not the poorest countries or those in which the situation is the most deteriorated which experience the most massive departures but the intermediate countries  .

The second is that there are access routes and geographic connections. There are for example from Eritrea to Switzerland, much less from the Democratic Republic of Congo or South America. Likewise, if agreements provide for people to apply for asylum in a transit country, as required by the Dublin agreements, this exerts a considerable curbing effect. Greece or Italy thus retain well in spite of themselves some of the people who might wish to come to Switzerland. The impossibility of crossing certain borders, between Croatia and Bosnia for example, has the same effect.

The third condition is that the persons concerned can expect to remain in Switzerland and for that to be able to put forward grounds which make their return impossible. Even in a serious situation it does not make sense for an Indian national to seek asylum in Switzerland because, barring exceptions, this person would be returned at short notice.

The main countries from which more asylum seekers could come are those for which the three conditions above are met and, indeed, those which are already at the origin of the greatest number of asylum requests in Switzerland: Eritrea, Afghanistan, Syria, Turkey and a few others.

On this basis, a scenario of a sharp increase in asylum requests to Switzerland is possible. This growth would be accentuated if Switzerland were excluded from a new asylum system replacing the Dublin agreements. It is therefore important that Switzerland take advantage of the recent drop in asylum requests to step up its association with a genuine European asylum policy.

 Betts, A. 2013. Survival Migration: Failed Governance and the Crisis of Displacement . Cornell: Cornell University Press.

 Ruhe, C., C. Martin-Shields, and LM Groß. 2020. The Asylum Hump: Why Country Income Level Predicts New Asylum Seekers, But Not New Refugees. Journal of Refugee Studies.

Five series to catch up during confinement

This new period of confinement is the perfect time to make up for playoffs. From satirical comedy to psychological thriller, five nuggets released in 2020 are particularly worth seeing.


Genre:  black humor
If you liked: Fleabag , Catastrophe
Episodes:  10 episodes of 30 minutes
Broadcast: Canal + Series

The story: An  Irish 30-year-old living in London, Aine is a real clown. But if she plays the clown in the class where she teaches English to adult immigrants, it is to better hide the depression that led her to be interned a few months earlier.

“I will never die.”

Irish stand-up actress, Aisling Bea in this series demonstrates her immense talent. A sense of self-mockery and a pronounced taste for discomfort at the service of pleasurable situations and dialogues. Built around everyday scenes, the series delicately addresses the issue of mental health. Under the burlesque varnish, Aine struggles to hide his despair. This is what worries her sister Shona (Sharon Horgan, adored in Catastrophe and who co-produces the series) and will bring her closer to Richard (Tobias Menzies, always fabulous).

Less cynical than Phoebe Waller-Bridge ( Fleabag ), Aisling Bea brings additional truth to this first television creation. Where her colleagues align the caustic projections, even if it means degrading their characters, the actress favors tenderness and offers a subtle reflection on psychic suffering. By exposing the vulnerability of her heroine without making fun of her, Aisling Bea makes the work both more moving and dense. In short, more successful.



Genre:  family drama
If you liked: Quarry , Sharp Objects
Episodes:  6 episodes of 56 minutes approx.
Broadcast: OCS

The Story:  90s in Connecticut. Since their birth six minutes apart, Dominick has sacrificed his life to take care of his twin brother Thomas, a paranoid schizophrenic. When Thomas is interned in a high security mental institution, Dominick uses all his energy to get him out. But which of the two brothers is most in need of being released?

 “My brother has been an anchor around my entire life. An anchor pulling me down. He's my curse. ”

Adapted from a novel by Wally Lamb, this miniseries by Derek Cianfrance ( The Place Beyond the Pines ) is a masterpiece. Showing, if necessary, that entrusting the production of a series to a talented filmmaker is always an excellent idea. The camera captures with astounding truth the torments of Dominick, stricken with misfortune since childhood and who struggles to save his brother, as much as his own existence, from what he identifies as a curse. Will he find the answers in his family's past?

Embodying the two twin brothers (the shooting was interrupted for six weeks to allow the actor to physically transform), Mark Ruffalo is breathtaking. Soft and fragile in the skin of Thomas, kneaded with anger and despair in that of Dominick, the actor has never deserved the comparison with Marlon Brandon so much and logically won an Emmy Award for this role. From the grain of the image to the way of sublimating female roles (Kathryn Hahn, Juliette Lewis or Rosie O'Donnell), Derek Cianfrance delivers an absolutely sumptuous work. One more master stroke from HBO.



Genre:  sublime romance
If you liked: Call Me By Your Name , Rectify
Episodes:  12 episodes of 28 minutes approx.
Broadcast: Starzplay
Trailer: English

The Story:  In a small town in Ireland, Connell is a teenage boy of humble origins, very popular in his high school. Everything opposes her to her classmate Marianne, a lonely and rebellious young woman from a bourgeois family. If they ignore each other on the school premises, the two teenagers are moved by an irrepressible attraction that will upset their destiny.

- It's not like this with other people.
- I know. I think we'll be fine.

Adapted from Sally Rooney's bestseller, this Irish miniseries follows the tormented loves of Marianne and Connell for several years. A million miles from flashy teenage series, Normal People explores the challenges of coming of age with infinite delicacy. Born out of sight, will the romance of these two young people who oppose everything survive prejudices and the unspoken? Silences like daggers, whose consequences on the couple are devastating.

Everything is beauty and enchantment in this work of which each shot, each sound, evokes the pictorial and sensory universe of Call Me By Your Name or Rectify . The harmony of the bodies and the wanderings of the soul are filmed with the same sensitivity, letting all the truth emerge from a love stronger than time. A gem, magnified by bewitching music.



Genre:  cultural satire
If you liked: Master of None , Atlanta
Episodes:  10 episodes of 23 to 43 minutes
Broadcast: Starzplay
Trailer: English

The Story:  Son of Egyptian immigrants, Ramy lives with his parents in New Jersey. Torn between the expectations of his loved ones and the lifestyle of millennials, the young man questions his identity and seeks love. Will he find the answers in his practice of faith?

“Do you ever feel like you don't belong?”

Winner of the 2019 Golden Globes and nominated for the 2020 Emmy Awards, Ramy Youssef's autobiographical series highlights the difficulty of defining one's identity as a child of Arab-Muslim immigrants in the United States. In a series of funny sketches, the comedian succeeds in deconstructing the prejudices about a community that he auscultates with tenderness and derision, without hiding their faults.

Often burlesque, always moving, the series is never so touching as when it lingers on the character of the mother, the sister or that of the anti-Semitic, misogynistic and conspiratorial uncle who hides a heavy secret. More incisive than Master of None , less masterful than Atlanta , the series shines above all by the quality of its dialogues. Note the presence of Mahershala Ali in the second season.



Genre:  psychological thriller
If you liked: Sharp Objects , The Killing
Episodes:  8 episodes of 42 minutes
Broadcast: Netflix
Trailer: English

The Story:  Close to retirement, Detective Harry Ambrose investigates a tragic car crash in upstate New York. The only survivor is a young professor of literature, loved and respected by all.

 “We all have dark thoughts. We learn how to live with them. We contain them. ”

For three seasons on Netflix, The Sinner has explored the far reaches of the human soul in an attempt to understand how ordinary people (a young mother, a child, a devoted teacher) can be driven to murderous madness. Revealed from the pilot, the a priori absurd crime gradually acquires meaning. Demonstrating with appalling clarity that in each of us there is a limit point.

At the heart of each investigation, detective Harry Ambrose (Bill Pullman) does not hesitate to face his demons to achieve his goal: to deconstruct one image - the unequivocal facts - to build another - the motives for the assassination - and thus bring closer to the truth. Even if it means taking sides and losing oneself. Because each of the crimes bears witness to a tragic past and an emotional fragility which echoed his own experience. Formally remarkable, The Sinner is by far the most breathtaking and fascinating psychological thriller of recent years.


How to keep your teeth healthy and strong

A smile can last a lifetime - if you take care of it. There fore, it is important for parents to teach their children good health as soon as possible. 
For A Lifetime
For A Lifetime

 According to U.S. Surgeon General Richard H. Carmona in Action to Promote Oral Health, children lose more than 51 million hours of schoolwork and adults lose more than 164 million jobs every day due to illness or a royal visit. billion in 2002.
 “Health-related illnesses affect communities across the country,” explains Dr.Marsha Butler, President of Colgate-Palmolive, Global Oral Health and Professional Relations. "For children between the ages of 5 and 17 here in the U. , tooth decay is more common than asthma, more common than hay fever, and poses a significant threat to the health and general well-being of our children. "
 Recently, during the National Children's Dental Health Month celebration, Colgate and Dr. Armona unveiled "The United States General's Seven Steps to a Bright Smile," tips that were developed, with a subsidy from strong and healthy teeth and gums: 

 1.Rinse teeth and gums with toothpaste. Fluoride at least twice a day, especially after breakfast and before going to sleep.
 2.Visit your dentist regularly.
 3.Leave your teeth daily. 
 4. Use fluoride toothpaste for strong teeth, hard teeth and gums. 
 5.Create how much time you eat each day — and remember to eat solid and get plenty of calcium.
 6. Be careful when playing sports. 
 7. Ask your dentist about dental hygiene. 

 Through its fun, future programming, Colgate has reached more than 50 million children with free dental check-ups, who talk about treatment and health education. The company has more than half to meet the public statement it made to up to 100 million children with these services by 2010. Bright Smiles, Bright Futures empowers children to control their health and helps them learn more about the importance of sustainability clean tooth.


 Sebum is part of the oil on the skin. Other elements of the oil on the skin are - sweat, lipids and environmental impurities. but the virus spreads to the scalp. hair Most people have oily hair if the hair is left on for a few days. That happens because of sebum. Latin means sebum is fat. These glands are found on most parts of the body. With the exception of a few, most of the sebaceous glands open into a hair follicle. These are the sites of acne formation.
Acne Treatment What Is Sebum

 What - that sebum-sebum protects the skin from bacterial infections. Sebum also reduces the natural loss of body water from the skin. Increased sebum production can cause acne 
 Sebum production - sebum production decreases with age Particularly in women it decreases after menopause Adult women produce less sebum than men Sebum production may experience a jump in both puberty in men . There are some common misconceptions about sebum. Some people believe that refining large amounts of oil and refined oils will reduce sebum toxicity. sebum produce. Oil will remove only the oil. as well as using oil management to reduce sebum production, is required to prevent our skin, but sebum extraction causes oily skin and frequent burns. 
 This is for educational purposes only. This purpose is not intended to be health advice and does not replace medical advice. Please tell your doctor about your health problems. Please only follow the tips contained in this article after consulting your doctor. The author is not responsible for any results or damages that may arise from information provided in this article.

Top 22  True common mental health myths debunked

22 Common Mental Health Myths Debunked 

Top 22 True common mental health myths debunked
Top 22 True common mental health myths debunked

 As mental health becomes less stigmatized and more people open up and talk about it, there is still a lot of misunderstanding about the problem. Let's Debunk 25 Common Mental Health Myths! t real diseases 
 Some people think that mental health problems are just the ups and downs of everyday life and that one should just be able to "get over them". In reality, mental health problems are serious disorders that require diagnosis, treatment, and support, just like physical health problems like a broken arm or cancer.

 1-Mental health problems don't concern me 

 If you've never had a mental health experience you might think you are immune and that it will never affect you. The truth is that mental health problems are very common. In 2014, "one in five American adults had a mental health problem." And even if it doesn't affect you personally, there is a good chance it will affect someone close to you, such as a family member or friend.

2- Mental health problems are just an excuse for bad behavior 

 Mental health problems can cause some people to look at Acting in seemingly strange and unexpected ways and making bad decisions for yourself. But according to Dr. David Goldbloom, senior medical adviser at the Center for Addiction and Mental Health and professor of psychiatry at the University of Toronto, "People do not choose to experience mental illness as a way to avoid responsibility for their bad behavior." It is important to keep in mind that it is the illness, not the person, that is behind this behavior, and to remember that we all misbehave from time to time 

 3-Mental health problems are caused by poor parenting 

 There is no single cause of mental health problems, which are "complicated conditions that arise from a combination of genetics, biology, environment, and life experiences." However, family members can play a critical role in providing support to a loved one who is facing a mental health problem. 

 4-People with a mental illness are dangerous 

 While the media rush to “ sensationalize violent crimes committed by people with mental illness, particularly mass shootings, "most acts of violence are caused by people without mental health problems. Only five percent of violent crime in the United States are committed by people with a serious mental illness. In fact, people with a mental illness are more likely to be victims of violence and harassment. 

 5-Can't recover from mental illness 

 Perhaps part of the stigma surrounding health mental health is due to the myth that people do not recover; however, the opposite is true. Today, there are many more types of treatment nts, ​​services and supports, and people with a mental health problem can “lead productive and engaged lives”, work, volunteer and contribute to their communities. 

People with a mental illness are weak 

 Another prevalent myth Surrounding mental health is that people with mental illness are weak or have character flaws. Nothing could be further from the truth. Mental health problems have nothing to do with being lazy or weak. Instead, they're typically caused by factors such as genes, physical illness, injury, brain chemistry, trauma, abuse, or a family history of such problems.

 6-People with mental illness can't keep a job 

 On the contrary, you may not notice, but you do are likely to work with someone who has a mental health problem or who has experienced it at one time or another. With the right support, people with mental health problems can have successful careers.

 7-Children can't have mental illness 

 In fact, early warning signs of mental health problems can appear even in young children. “Half of all mental health disorders show their first signs before a person turns 14, and three quarters of mental health disorders start before the age of 24. “Early support is essential so that such problems do not affect children's development. 

 8-Depression is not a mental illness - everyone is unhappy sometimes 

 Clinical depression (or major depression) is much more serious than just having a bad day or feeling bad blue . It is a "complex mood disorder caused by a variety of factors including genetic makeup, personality, stress, and brain chemistry," and people don't get over it easily on their own. Depression is a disease that needs to be treated like any other serious health problem. 

 9-Only soldiers get PTSD 

 The truth is, anyone can have PTSD. If someone is a victim of rape, sexual assault, domestic violence, a natural disaster, or even if they witnessed a traumatic event without firsthand experience, then they may have post-traumatic stress disorder.

 10-It is impossible to have mental health problems prevent 

 In fact, there are many things you can do to take care of your mental health and prevent problems from occurring. Some simple things you can do include watching for warning signs and getting help early, getting regular medical exams, and taking good care of yourself (e.g., take medication, get enough sleep, eat well, exercise, manage stress). 

 Psychiatric education is bad for you 

 Some people fear or avoid psychiatric medication because of the myth that it can harm them or that medication is an excuse. This myth is dangerous because it can prevent people from getting the help they need for their condition. For many people with mental health problems, medication is vital. for others, allows them to function normally, especially when combined with other treatments such as therapy. 

 11-If I seek help people will think I am crazy 

 The stigma around mental health can unfortunately prevent some people from seeking help, they don't want to be labeled as crazy or weak or ostracized of the society. , it takes a lot of courage to open up to mental health issues and seek help No one should be denied the help they need because of social stigma 

 12-Mental illness is a unique disorder and rare 

 Mental illness can take the form of many different disorders, some rare and others more common, including anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, personality disorders, eating disorders, Attention Deficit Disorder and PTSD.

 13-People with Mental Health Problems are Poor 

 Mental Illness Can Affect Anyone, No Matter Of Them That said, poverty can be a "significant risk factor poor physical and mental health ”because people may not have access to the services, supports and medications they need to stay healthy.

 14-People with mental illness are less intelligent tes 

 Although people with mental health problems are often stigmatized and seen as less intelligent, the opposite is often true: in fact, an above average IQ or high intelligence is a risk factor for mental illness. 

 15-People with mental illness cannot have successful relationships 

 Although some people think that you cannot build and maintain a successful relationship if you have a mental illness, this is not necessarily the case. Indeed, "many people with severe mental illness have strong, supportive and long-term relationships." 

 16-Mental illness can be caused by the foods we eat 

 Although a healthy diet is always a good idea and some foods like sugar and caffeine can trigger mood swings, it is not possible to develop a mental disorder by eating common foods. 

 17-People with bipolar disorder are moody 

 Mood swings are not the same as bipolar disorder, which causes cycles of manic and depressive states that last for weeks or months at a time. "These extreme highs and lows alternate, but they don't change or fluctuate from moment to moment." 

 18-People with mental illness create their own problems 

 People with a mental health problem can make bad choices or behave "badly" when their problem is not managed, but if they are treated appropriately, they will improve and behave accordingly.

 19-Mental illness is caused by everyday stress 

 "The stresses of everyday life are normal and necessary for learning and development of life skills. They do not cause mental illness. " However, severe and persistent stress, such as living in a war zone, can increase the risk of developing mental health problems 

 20-People with mental illness should not have the same rights as the rest of society 

 People with a mental illness have the same human and social rights as everyone else. They need to be treated with respect and dignity and have access to the services they need to thrive. 

 21-People with a mental illness cannot succeed 

 People with a mental health problem can be successful in all areas of life, from family and sports to business and the arts. In fact, many famous people have struggled with mental health, including actor Jim Carrey, author J. Rowling, CNN founder Ted Turner, and musician Brian Wilson. 

 22-People with mental illness can get out of trouble. him if they try 

 The myth persists that people with a mental health problem just aren't trying hard enough and that if they put in a little effort and hard work they might just get out of it. In reality, mental health problems are like physical health problems in the sense that you can't just snap your fingers to heal them, like you can't snap your fingers to heal cancer or heal a broken leg.

Positive thoughts 7 science-backed tips to think more positively and how it can benefit your health

Positive thinking is the ability to maintain an optimistic outlook in the face of difficult situations.
 To think more positively, practice mindfulness, keep a journal, and surround yourself with optimistic people.
How it can benefit your health 7 science-backed tips to think more positively
How it can benefit your health 7 science-backed tips to think more positively

 If you have constant trouble thinking positively, check in with Your doctor or psychologist. 
 Becoming a positive thinker happens when you engage in habits and practices that allow you to face difficult situations while maintaining positive self-esteem.
 According to Danielle Casioppo, MS, Education Specialist at Being Positive thinking at Yale means being an adaptable thinker with an optimistic perspective. A positive thinker has a growth philosophy that sees obstacles as opportunities and hopes for a good outcome.
 Pessimistic views about yourself or the world and finding the worst in everything are signs of negative thinking. Positive thinkers don't block all negative emotions or th thoughts during times of loss, stress, and loneliness, but they know that they have the strength to overcome these moments of need or to feel. To expect this to be unrealistic and unhealthy, "says Casioppo. 
 It is important to note that having an excessive amount of negative thoughts can be a sign of deeper mental health problems. If you feel that your negative thoughts and emotions are overwhelming, seek help from a mental health professional. 
 Here are the benefits of thinking positively and how you can train yourself to adopt that mindset. 
 Benefits of Positive Thinking 
 Engaging in positive thinking has not only been shown to counteract worry, it also has a number of long-term benefits. 

 Here are some physical and mental health benefits of becoming a positive thinker: 

 Improves depression 
 Better quality of social relationships 
 Better quality of life 
 Better coping strategies in times of stress 
 Reduces vulnerability to disappointment 
 While positive thinking is a mental attitude, it also has physical health benefits, which include: 
 Reduces the risk of heart failure 
 Reduces the risk of hypertension 40 a4 Improves fertility in women 
 Reduces the incidence of coronary heart disease and total mortality 
 Fewer chronic diseases 

 7 habits that can help you think positive 

 Being a positive thinker is not always something that is an innate quality. Positive thinking is something you can consciously implement in your life over time by guiding your thoughts and feelings in a more optimistic direction and engaging in habits ni that improve your mindset.
 "Cultivating a more positive outlook or mindset does not happen overnight. It's a learnable life - long practice that comes from experience and is even better when shared with others, "says Casioppo.

 Here are several techniques that can train your mind to think positively: 

 Disengage from negative information. While social media platforms offer many benefits, such as making meaningful connections and receiving social support, they can also impact your psychological health. Distressing news and social confrontation all affect your ability to think positively, as well as your self-esteem. Taking a break from social media will help you focus on the present and disconnect from negativity.

 Imagine your best self every day. your "Best Possible Self" or (BPS) for five minutes a day for two weeks, you can improve your general mood and the ability to think positively. During each session, build a picture of your BPS in terms of personal, relational and professional This activity encourages you to think about what you want to be while encouraging you to achieve it.
The ability to believe in yourself is beneficial for having a positive mindset in life.

 Practice positive inner dialogue People often say that their tougher critic is themselves, but keep in mind that the language you use for yourself can affect your disposition. To direct your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors more positively, rephrase how you speak to our heads. Instead of thinking, "It's too difficult and I can't do it," switch to, "I'll try again from a different angle." Consciously changing the way you talk to yourself can help you begin to think more positively.

 Keep a gratitude journal. Writing down what you are grateful for can help you assess the positive aspects of life rather than dealing with problems and interpersonal benefits, and is linked to better physical and mental health, increased happiness, and general wellbeing. Keeping a gratitude journal can help you think more positively in life as you see how well things are going.

 Practice Mindfulness Allow yourself to be distracted by negative thoughts, be conscious of the present, and be more mindful. Take time to recognize the good things. Taking into account your thoughts and feelings can help you understand yourself better and where your negativity may be coming from. A strong sense of how you react to situations helps you to shift to a more positive and productive outlook. 
 Understand when you are thinking negatively. About your work, your relationships with your fellow human beings, or even yourself. Focus on one side to settle and approach it more optimally. change will help you become a better person. 

 Follow unconventional thinkers. and the situation may be better, but those who are positive will encourage you to keep optimistic for the best results, especially when it is difficult for you to look at the positive side. Surrounding yourself with optimistic people will help you have a positive mindset.
 In the end, these habits will come easily to you if you try your best to practice them every day.
 "Changing our thinking is a learnable skill that can have dramatic effects on our quality of life ", Casioppo says." The way we maintain this mentality is to be open and adaptable in our thinking. " 

 Insider`s takeaway 

 Positive thinking is about adapting to unpleasant situations with a good attitude and hoping for a favorable outcome.It is a habit that improves your well-being with its many mental and physical health benefits. train yourself to have a more positive outlook by trying different techniques, but you also have to work hard to keep it. 
 It is important to experience and recognize negative emotions because they help you cope with the problem Everyone experiences emotions differently, but a positive thinker understands that negative feelings are normal and temporary. 
 Casioppo recommends practicing self-compassion to leave go any self-criticism about their own thoughts. "To move towards a positive change in our thinking, we can choose to change our mindset to be more open to growth, gratitude and hope, one small step at a time," he says.

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